Letzte Aktualisierung: 29. Juni 2018


Economic Impact of Bavarian Businesses in the USA

The study shows how much value added and employment Bavarian businesses create in the USA: on the one hand through local production sites; on the other hand, through the import demand for US products.

Direct investments

Bavarian businesses create in the USA a gross vlaue added of 67 billion euros. This is a share of 0.51 percent of the overall US-value added. The direct gross value added of Bavarian companies in the USA amounted to 35.3 billion euros. The indirect and induced effects contribute another 31.7 billion euros.This means that every euro of direct value added that is generated by Bavarian companies in the USA triggers an additional value added of another 90 cents in the US economy through multiplier effects.

The effect on emloyment is even bigger. 186,000 persons are emloyed in the Bavarian companies in the USA. There are another 341,800 jobs created by the indirect and induced effects. That means that every job at Bavarian companies in the USA is connected with 1.83 additional jobs in the American economy. Consequently the overall employment effect of Bavarian businesses in the USA is about 528,500 jobs or about 0.36 percent of employed persons in the USA.


The demand of Bavarian companies for US products creates value added and employment in the USA too. In 2016 the US exports to Bavraia generated a gross vlaue added of 10.9 billion euros, of which 4.7 billion euros were attributable to direct effects and 6.2 billion euros to the multiplicative, i.e. indirect and induced effects.

Employment in the USA is also stimulated by foreign trade with Bavaria. A total of about 96,800 jobs in the USA depend directly, indirectly, or through induced effects on trade with the Free State of Bavaria.

Protectionism harms everyone

The study shows that Bavaria is not an insignificant business partner for the United States. Bavarian companies provide value added and jobs for the USA. Trade restrictions ultimately harm everyone, the USA would also lose more than it would gain. It is in the
interest of both sides to ensure the stability and continuity of transatlantic business


Volker Leinweber

Volkswirtschaftliche Grundsatzfragen

+49 (0)89-551 78 91-133
Volker Leinweber
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